Ametrine is a quartz gemstone that combines Amethyst and Citrine to create a unique purple yellow hue. The only difference between amethyst, citrine and ametrine is the level of iron in the visible color-zone bands. Although Ametrine has been used since the 17th century, introduced to Europe by the Spanish conquistadors, it was not commercially mined until the 1980s. Ametrine is found in only one mine in the world, in Bolivia.
Since Ametrine is the union of both Amethyst and Citrine, Ametrine combines the powers of both: Amethyst for sobriety and Citrine for prosperity and protection against evil thoughts.
Aquamarine, like Emerald is a member of the beryl family. The name 'aquamarine' was derived from Latin 'aqua marina' or 'water of the sea. Aquamarine can range in colour from light blue to bluish green to a very rare deep blue. Aquamarine has excellent clarity and transparency compared to many other similar gems. While emerald is colored by trace amounts of chromium (and vanadium), aquamarine color is the result of iron impurities within colorless beryl crystal.
Aquamarine is the stone of balance, harmony and protection especially when travelling.
Andalusite is named after the region Andalucia in Spain, where it was first discovered. Andalusite can range in colour from yellowish brown, orange to olive to reddish brown. All andalusite possess a combination of colours when viewed at certain angles - this is called 'pleochroism'.
Andalusite is known as a meditative and centering stone and is said to encourage balance and moderation.
Boulder Opal is unique among gemstones with its intense flashes of colour formed over 100 million years ago from hydrated silica embedded in ironstone. Opal comes from the Greek word 'opallus' which loosely translates as 'changing color'. Australia is the world's only source for boulder opals, with boulder opals making up only 2% of its entire opal output. As each opal is unique in color and shape boulder opals are usually cut flat or in cabochon with the natural ironstone backing intact.
A stone of strength, boulder opal is said to calm the inner soul, give clarity and aid in circulation.
The word emerald comes from the Greek 'smaragdos' meaning green stone. It is the most precious stone in the beryl group and in the precious top four of gemstones including sapphire, ruby and diamond. Emerald is highly valued for its deep bright green colour. Inclusions are tolerated more in emeralds than virtually any other gem as they are considered part of the character of the natural stone.
Emerald was the sacred stone of the goddess Venus representing love, hope and healing.
Carnelian is a member of the chalcedony quartz family and is identified by its distinct orange to reddish colour with a translucent to opaque wax-like lustre when cut and polised. This colour occurs through the prescence of iron impurities in the quartz.
Carnelian is one of the oldest known gemstones originally used some 4000 years ago by the nobility in carved amulets and insignia rings and seals. It is becoming an increasingly rare gemstone.
Carnelian is thought to bring good luck to the wearer and protect against poverty and bad energy.
Chysoprase is highly prized for ts opalescent green colours ranging from apple to minty green that are derived from nickel impurities that form within quartz. The name Chrysoprase is derived from the Greek word "chrysos" meaning gold and "prasos" meaning leek. Chrysoprase is the most valuable member of the Chalcedony Quartz family.
Chrysoprase is said to be a protective stone against negative energies and brings prosperity in new ventures and friendship.
In ancient times the diamond was a symbol of courage, its name from the Greek 'adamas' meaning 'invincible'. Formed by carbon atoms, diamonds are the hardest natural substance found on earth. Diamonds can be highly faceted or kept in their natural 'raw' state for a more artisanal look. Diamond Slices are sliced diamond sections prized for their unique inclusions and pattern definition with varying hues and colours that are completely different from traditional faceted diamonds. Three-rayed 'trapiche' diamond slices are amongst the most scarce and striking of these as they contain a recognizable radiation-symbol pattern. They are only found once every couple of thousand slices and even then, it is rare to find distinctive colouring.
Diamonds are said to enhance inner vision and creativity and due to its purity, diamonds have become synonymous with love and marriage.
Fire Opal was first discovered in 1835 in the Mexican Highlands which is also the spot where many extinct volcanoes are found. The name derives from its 'fiery' translucent colour of yellow to orange to red with an intense inner glow.
Fire opal is said to assist in overcoming shyness and encourages optimism and confidence.
Belonging to the group of feldspar minerals, Labradorite is a dark smoky grey with metallic rainbow reflections when viewed from certain angles, called 'labradorescence'. Labradorite was named after the Labrador Peninsula in Eastern Canada where it was first found around 1770.
Labradorite is thought to be a magical stone that possesses powerful protective properties and helps its wearer to find their true path in life.
Named for its moon-like sheen, Moonstone is a Feldspar mineral exhibiting a soft, watery opaqueness and a silvery-white reflection called chatoyancy that changes on the surface with light. Moonstone comes in a variety of delicate sheens from peach, blues and greys.
Since ancient times, Moonstone has been linked to the magic of the moon. Moonstone is considered a sacred stone in India with a special significance for lovers, and is a traditional wedding gift there. It was a popular choice for jewelers in the Art Nouveau period, and in Europe was believed to reconcile estranged lovers and to cure sleeplessness. Moonstone is known as the Traveler's Stone for the protection it affords, especially at night, and because of its uplifting quality of hope, has long been worn as a talisman to enhance the personality.
The name Sapphire derives from Greek 'sappheiros' meaning blue, yet sapphires come in a wide array of colours including pink, yellow, orange and green. Sapphire is a gem quality variety of the mineral corundum - aluminium oxide which crystallised into gemstones with the presence of small amounts of other elements, especially iron and chrome that are responsible for the colour. A ruby-red sapphire coloured by chrome is actually a Ruby. Sapphires are the second hardest substance on earth after diamond. In times of antiquity and the Middle Ages, the term sapphire actually referred to lapis lazuli but in the early 19th century, the description and definition of sapphire was changed to what we know today.
Throughout history Sapphire has symbolized truth, loyalty and protection.
Tanzanite is named after the East African state of Tanzania, discovered only in 1967 and is a gem variety of Zoisite. Its color ranges from pure blue to purplish-blue. Due to its popularity, Tanzanite is becoming increasingly rare and expensive and is particularly highly prized because it is found in only one place in the world.
Tanzanite is a high energy stone said to promote purity of spirit and help with emotional communication.
Tourmaline is the gemological name for an important group of complex gem-quality boron silicate minerals. Its name is thought to be derived from the Sinhalese word 'turamali' or 'stone with mixed colours' as tourmaline can be found in all colours of the rainbow from brown, yellow, pinks to blues. Most red, pink and brown to yellow tourmaline is coloured by manganese, while iron and titanium can result in greenish to bluish-black colours. The rare emerald-green tourmaline is coloured by chromium (and sometimes vanadium).
Tourmaline has been known since antiquity in the Mediterranean region with the Dutch importing it in 1703 from Sri Lanka to Western and Central Europe. Tourmaline is also the national gemstone for the United States, where it has been mined for centuries. Tourmaline is said to be a powerful detoxification stone that invites positive energy.
Tsavorite, discovered in the late 1960s in Tsavo, Kenya, is a form of Grossular garnet and is often mistaken for Emerald due to its deep green colour that comes from exposure to chromium and vanadium deep within the earth. In fact, it is clearer, more brilliant and more durable than Emerald. Larger Tsavorite specimens are almost non-existent which is why we usually only see Tsavorite in smaller sizes.
Tsavorite is a rare stone and today only has 4 small mines in production in Africa. Tsavorite garnet is thought to provide its wearer with strength, vitality and positivity.